Most people think of seizures as convulsions accompanied by loss of consciousness. However, seizures can take many different forms, and not all of them involve convulsions or loss of consciousness. In fact, some seizures are so mild that people don’t even realize they’re having one.
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Seizures occur when there is a sudden, abnormal electrical discharge in the brain. This can cause a variety of symptoms, depending on where in the brain the discharge occurs and how much of the brain is affected.
Seizures can be caused by many things, including head injury, stroke, brain tumors, and infectious diseases. However, in many cases, the cause is unknown.
Seizures are generally divided into two categories:
– Generalized seizures: These affect the entire brain.
– Partial (or focal) seizures: These occur in just one part of the brain.
Generalized seizures can be further divided into six types:
– Tonic seizures: These cause the muscles to stiffen.
– Clonic seizures: These cause the muscles to jerk rhythmically.
– Tonic-clonic seizures: These cause both muscle stiffening and jerking.
– Myoclonic seizures: These cause brief muscle jerks.
– Atonic seizures: These cause the muscles to relax.
– Absence seizures: These cause a brief loss of consciousness.
Partial seizures can be further divided into two types:
– Simple partial seizures: These do not cause loss of consciousness.
– Complex partial seizures: These cause a loss of consciousness.
Seizures can vary widely in their severity, from mild to life-threatening. They can last for a few seconds or a few minutes, and in some cases, they can go on for hours or even days.
Seizures can be extremely frightening, not only for the person experiencing them, but also for witnesses. It’s important to remember that seizures are not contagious and that people with epilepsy are not dangerous.
If you think someone is having a seizure, it‘s important to stay calm and remember the following:
– Do not try to restrain the person.
– Do not put anything in the person’s mouth.
– Do not try to give the person anything to eat or drink.
– Do not try to move the person unless they are in danger.
– Stay with the person until the seizure has ended.
– If the person is injured, call 911.
If you have seizures, it’s important to see a doctor so that the cause can be determined and appropriate treatment can be given. Treatment may involve medication, surgery, or other therapies.